ASSISI: RELIGION CAN NEVER BE JUSTIFICATION FOR VIOLENCE
VATICAN CITY, 27 OCT 2011 (VIS) - Today marks the twenty-fifth anniversary of the historic meeting for peace in the Italian town of Assisi, called by Blessed John Paul II. For the occasion, Benedict XVI has made a pilgrimage to the city of St. Francis, accompanied by representatives of other religions and by non-believers, for a Day of reflection, dialogue and prayer for peace and justice in the world under the theme: "Pilgrims of Truth, Pilgrims of Peace". (IMAGES SOURCE: RADIO VATICANA)
The Pontiff and the members of the various delegations left the Vatican by train at8 a.m. today, reaching Assisi at 9.45 a.m. where they were greeted by the civil and religious authorities in front of the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli. As the ceremony unfolded inside the basilica, the large numbers of faithful present were able to follow events on giant screens set up in the square outside.
Following a greeting from Cardinal Peter Kodwo Turkson, president of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, a video was screened in commemoration of the 1986 meeting. Then, one after the other, the representatives of the various religions rose to speak: His Holiness Bartholomew I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople; Anglican Archbishop Rowan Williams of Canterbury, Primate of the Anglican Communion; Archbishop Norvan Zakarian, Primate of the Armenian Diocese of France; Rev. Olav Fyske Tveit, secretary general of the World Council of Churches; Rabbi David Rosen, representative of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel; Wande Abimbola, spokesperson for the Yoruba faith; Acharya Shri Shrivatsa Goswami, representative for Hinduism; Ja-Seung, president of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism; Kyai Haji Hasyom Muzadi, secretary general of the International Conference of Islamic Schools, and Julia Kristeva, representing non-believers.
The Holy Father then rose to make his address, extracts of which are given below:
"Twenty-five years have passed since Blessed Pope John Paul II first invited representatives of the world's religions toAssisi to pray for peace. What has happened in the meantime? What is the state of play with regard to peace today?
"At that time the great threat to world peace came from the division of the earth into two mutually opposed blocs. A conspicuous symbol of this division was the Berlin Wall. ... In 1989, three years after Assisi, the wall came down, without bloodshed. ... In addition to economic and political factors, the deepest reason for the event is a spiritual one: behind material might there were no longer any spiritual convictions. ... For this victory of freedom, which was also, above all, a victory of peace, we give thanks. What is more, this was not merely, nor even primarily, about the freedom to believe, although it did include this. To that extent we may in some way link all this to our prayer for peace.
"But what happened next? Unfortunately, we cannot say that freedom and peace have characterised the situation ever since. ... Violence as such is potentially ever present and it is a characteristic feature of our world. Freedom is a great good. But the world of freedom has proved to be largely directionless, and not a few have misinterpreted freedom as somehow including freedom for violence. Discord has taken on new and frightening guises, and the struggle for freedom must engage us all in a new way".
"In broad strokes, we may distinguish two types of the new forms of violence, which are the very antithesis of each other in terms of their motivation and manifest a number of differences in detail. Firstly there is terrorism, for which in place of a great war there are targeted attacks intended to strike the opponent destructively at key points, with no regard for the lives of innocent human beings, who are cruelly killed or wounded in the process. In the eyes of the perpetrators, the overriding goal of damage to the enemy justifies any form of cruelty. Everything that had been commonly recognised and sanctioned in international law as the limit of violence is overruled. We know that terrorism is often religiously motivated and that the specifically religious character of the attacks is proposed as a justification for the reckless cruelty. ... In this case, religion does not serve peace, but is used as justification for violence".
"The fact that, in the case we are considering here, religion really does motivate violence should be profoundly disturbing to us as religious persons. In a way that is more subtle but no less cruel, we also see religion as the cause of violence when force is used by the defenders of one religion against others. The religious delegates who were assembled in Assisi in 1986 wanted to say, and we now repeat it emphatically and firmly: this is not the true nature of religion. It is the antithesis of religion and contributes to its destruction".
"As a Christian I want to say at this point: yes, it is true, in the course of history, force has also been used in the name of the Christian faith. We acknowledge it with great shame. But it is utterly clear that this was an abuse of the Christian faith, one that evidently contradicts its true nature. The God in whom we Christians believe is the Creator and Father of all, and from Him all people are brothers and sisters and form one single family. For us the Cross of Christ is the sign of the God Who put 'suffering-with' (compassion) and 'loving-with' in place of force. ... It is the task of all who bear responsibility for the Christian faith to purify the religion of Christians again and again from its very heart, so that it truly serves as an instrument of God's peace in the world, despite the fallibility of humans.
"If one basic type of violence today is religiously motivated and thus confronts religions with the question as to their true nature and obliges all of us to undergo purification, a second complex type of violence is motivated in precisely the opposite way: as a result of God's absence, His denial and the loss of humanity which goes hand in hand with it. The enemies of religion - as we said earlier - see in religion one of the principal sources of violence in the history of humanity and thus they demand that it disappear. But the denial of God has led to much cruelty and to a degree of violence that knows no bounds, which only becomes possible when man no longer recognises any criterion or any judge above himself, now having only himself to take as a criterion. The horrors of the concentration camps reveal with utter clarity the consequences of God's absence.
"Yet I do not intend to speak further here about State-imposed atheism, but rather about the decline of man, which is accompanied by a change in the spiritual climate that occurs imperceptibly and hence is all the more dangerous. The worship of mammon, possessions and power is proving to be a counter-religion, in which it is no longer man who counts but only personal advantage. The desire for happiness degenerates, for example, into an unbridled, inhuman craving, such as appears in the different forms of drug dependency. ... Force comes to be taken for granted and in parts of the world it threatens to destroy our young people. Because force is taken for granted, peace is destroyed and man destroys himself in this peace vacuum".
"In addition to the two phenomena of religion and anti-religion, a further basic orientation is found in the growing world of agnosticism: people to whom the gift of faith has not been given, but who are nevertheless on the lookout for truth, searching for God. Such people do not simply assert: 'There is no God'. They suffer from His absence and yet are inwardly making their way towards Him, inasmuch as they seek truth and goodness. They are 'pilgrims of truth, pilgrims of peace'. They ask questions of both sides. They take away from militant atheists the false certainty. ... But they also challenge the followers of religions not to consider God as their own property, as if He belonged to them, in such a way that they feel vindicated in using force against others.
"These people are seeking the truth, they are seeking the true God, Whose image is frequently concealed in the religions because of the ways in which they are often practised. Their inability to find God is partly the responsibility of believers with a limited or even falsified image of God. So all their struggling and questioning is in part an appeal to believers to purify their faith, so that God, the true God, becomes accessible. Therefore I have consciously invited delegates of this third group to our meeting in Assisi, which does not simply bring together representatives of religious institutions. Rather it is a case of being together on a journey towards truth, a case of taking a decisive stand for human dignity and a case of common engagement for peace against every form of destructive force. Finally I would like to assure you that the Catholic Church will not let up in her fight against violence, in her commitment for peace in the world. We are animated by the common desire to be 'pilgrims of truth, pilgrims of peace'".
Following the meeting in the basilica, Benedict XVI and the delegations made their way to the convent of Porziuncola. A frugal lunch was followed by a period of silence for individual refection and prayer before the participants moved on to the Basilica of St. Francis for the concluding ceremonies of the Day.
VATICAN CITY, 27 OCT 2011 (VIS) - His Beatitude Sviatoslav Shevchuk, major archbishop of Kyiv-Halyc, Ukraine, with the consent of the Permanent Synod meeting in Curitiba, Brazil, on 10 September, and having informed the Apostolic See, has accepted the resignation from the pastoral care of the eparchy of Sambir-Drohobych of the Ukrainians, Ukraine, presented by Bishop Julian Voronovsky M.S.U. in accordance with canon 210 para. 1 of the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches. He is succeeded by Coadjutor Bishop Jaroslav Pryriz C.SS.R.
VATICAN CITY, 27 OCT 2011 (VIS) - The Holy Father appointed Bishop Jesus Herrera Quinonez of the clergy of the diocese of Mexicali, Mexico, as bishop of Nuevo Casas Grandes (area 36,320, population 149,000, Catholics 130,000, priests 37, religious 45), Mexico. The bishop-elect was born in Mexicali in 1961 and ordained a priest in 1987. He has worked as a pastor in the diocese ofMexicali, diocesan assistant to the Christian Family Movement, and secretary-chancellor of the diocesan curia.
"During this meeting we reviewed the work done in previous years - said Mgr. Mario Moronto, who hosted the meeting held at the Holy Trinity School in Ureña - and we made some proposals to project the future pastoral work within the border (of our dioceses), but we did not want it to be seen as a limitation, but as a region in which we pay attention to the social problems of people and their needs. To do this we should set together a pastoral frontier".
"The purpose of this joint pastoral is to offer a service to the people who live on the border between the two countries", the statement said, stating: " integration work is proposed, in respect of the autonomy of each diocese, to answer and to serve the needs of the residents of these areas".
In addition to the existing social and pastoral needs in the Dioceses of San Cristobal and Cucuta, even the Bishop of Tibu, highlighted that in this region there is need to create a pastoral that safeguards ecology and seeks to protect indigenous peoples, directly affected by multinational companies who work there. The meeting was also attended by representatives of the Society of Jesus, who submitted a project to create an Apostolic Region, which would facilitate the pastoral work in the future years. At the end of the meeting the Bishops decided that the next meeting will be held in February 2013, with the participation of other border dioceses between Venezuela and Colombia.
Colombia and Venezuela share an extensive border of 2,219 km, where guerrilla groups and drug traffickers are active. The people of these places live with the terror and fear of being involved in violent actions carried out by these groups. This year alone, anti-drug police have seized more than 64 tons of cocaine and hydrochloride cocaine. Colombia is listed as the largest producer of cocaine in the world, with 350 tonnes in 2010, according to data published by the UN. (CE) (Agenzia Fides 27/10/2011)
DIOCESE OF CANBERRA REPORT: About 450 students from around the Archdiocese listened to Sr Patti Jo Crockett (pictured above), of the Missionaries of God’s Love Sisters, tell of her experiences in indigenous missions. She was speaking at the annual Children’s Mission Mass held at St Peter Chanel’s Church, Yarralumla,yesterday. The theme of the Mass, celebrated by Bishop Pat Power, was "Hear My Voice ...believe".
A MacKillop Catholic College student read scripture, and students from St Gregory's, Queanbeyan, took part in the gospel procession, St Thomas the Apostle students read the prayers of the faithful, and students from St Patrick's, Gundagai, took up the offertory gifts.
Students from St Gregory's School, Queanbeyan, process up before the gospel.
Students from St Patrick's School, Gundagai, take up the offertory gifts.
A top Chinese singer is to donate ticket-sales proceeds from one of her world tour performances to the Church-run hospital where she was born.
Popularly known as A-mei, Chang Hui-mei announced on Tuesday that she will donate cash generated from her “Love and Share” concert in Taipei on April 4, 2012 to St. Mary’s Hospital in Taitung County, as she wants “to do something meaningful.”
Ticket sales are expected to generate NT$10 million (US$331,000).
“I hope my gesture will see others follow suit so that more can be done for the underprivileged,” said Chang, an indigenous Puyuma and one of the few Chinese artists who publicly declares their Catholic faith.
She said she chose to donate to St. Mary’s Hospital because people in Taitung have on average an 8.5-year shorter life span than people in Taipei due to inferior medical resources in the rural and remote eastern county, where there is a higher density of the indigenous population.
Describing the Church-run hospital as the “babysitter of people in Taitung,” Chang said it has served many local people, including those who cannot afford to pay.
She hopes the money can help the hospital expand its services, especially in the hospice and for care of the elderly.
Bishop Philip Huang Jaw-ming of Hualien, which covers Taitung, said he hopes Chang’s gesture can change people’s perceptions of Taitung, which is mocked as a place with “very good mountains and rivers but very short life.”
To express the Church’s appreciation, Bishop Huang presented Chang with a Rosary from Pope Benedict XVI.
Chen Shi-hsien, executive officer of the hospital, said Chang often shows concern for her hometown, adding that she came to visit flood victims in 2009 and that “her angelic care has moved many victims to tears.”
Feast: October 27
Tyre (modern Sur, Lebanon)
380 in Ethiopia
ST. FRUMENTIUS was yet a child when his uncle, Meropins of Tyre, took him and his brother Edesius on a voyage to Ethiopia. In the course of their voyage the vessel touched at a certain port, and the barbarians of that country put the crew and all the passengers to the sword, except the two children. They were carried to the king, at Axuma, who, charmed with the wit and sprightliness of the two boys, took special care of their education; and, not long after made Edesius his cup-bearer, and Frumentius, who was the elder, his treasurer and secretary of state; on his death-bed he thanked them for their services, and in recompense gave them their liberty. After his death the queen begged them to remain a court, and assist her in the government of the state until the young king carne of age. Edesius went back to Tyre, but St. Athanasius ordained Frumentius Bishop of the Ethiopians, and vested with this sacred character he gained great numbers to the Faith, and continued to feed and defend his flock until it pleased the Supreme Pastor to recompense his fidelity and labors.
31At that very hour some Pharisees came, and said to him, "Get away from here, for Herod wants to kill you."32And he said to them, "Go and tell that fox, `Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I finish my course.33Nevertheless I must go on my way today and tomorrow and the day following; for it cannot be that a prophet should perish away from Jerusalem.'34O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, killing the prophets and stoning those who are sent to you! How often would I have gathered your children together as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not!35Behold, your house is forsaken. And I tell you, you will not see me until you say, `Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!'"